Shakespeare Downtown’s free open-air staging of ‘Saint Joan’ at NYC’s historic Castle Clinton

Inspired by the canonization of Joan of Arc in 1920, almost five centuries after her martyrdom in 1431, Irish playwright and activist George Bernard Shaw created his fictionalized historical tragedy Saint Joan, first performed at Manhattan’s Garrick Theatre in 1923, and published the following year. It chronicles, through six detailed scenes and an epilogue, the French teenager’s divine mission, upon hearing the voices in her head of SS. Catherine, Margaret, and Michael the Archangel, to lead her country’s troops in defeat of the English invasion of France during The Hundred Years War, concluding with her capture and sale to the enemy, conviction for heresy by an Inquisition panel, and sentence of being burned at the stake immediately upon receiving the men’s verdict.

Now in its sixth season, Shakespeare Downtown – a non-profit company based in Lower Manhattan and dedicated to encouraging an interest in classical theater by staging plays in a circular open-air venue by the water (a situation similar to that of Shakespeare’s Globe Theatre in London) – is currently presenting a series of free performances of Saint Joan inside the historic walls of Castle Clinton National Monument at Battery Park. It’s an ideal place for the religious subject, with the heavens above and birds flying overhead (including a white dove that appeared during a scene centered on the eponymous protagonist).

Performed in period-style costumes, with historicizing tables and chairs moved around the raised platform stage to indicate the changing scenes and locales (set and costume design by Amy Goossens, with lighting by G. Scott Designs, Inc., and sound by Carlos Ponce), the full-length production (minus Shaw’s epilogue) features twenty-two real-life figures played by a large cast of seventeen – Billie Andersson, Craig Braun, Mauricio Bustamante, Davide di Cagno-Hagen, Rickard Claeson, George Eve, Monte Greene, Charlie Howard, Malcolm Jackson, Mamadou Jalloh, Ana Carolina Lima alternating with Ruby Ashbourne Serkis, Anton Obeid, Evan Olson, Gregor Roach, Luciano Russo, Marco Villard, and Jacob Voigt – speaking in the diverse range of their own voices (without affecting the French, English, and other identifying accents of the warring characters, occasionally making it difficult for those not familiar with the narrative to discern the nationalities of the historic personae).

Billie Andersson. Photo by Amy Goossens.

Directed by Geoffrey Horne and led by Andersson (two co-founders of Shakespeare Downtown) in the titular role, the show, set in 1429-31, considers the ever timely provocative issues of faith and honor, pride, popularity, and vengeance, and the positions of women, the church, and the law in society and politics. Andersson’s masterful portrayal of “The Maid” (as the seventeen-year-old farm girl Joan, who chose to wear men’s clothing and preferred being a soldier to a woman, was also known) delivers her steadfast religious devotion, gently persuasive demeanor (in contrast with the rude and angry imperiousness of George Eve’s Robert de Baudricourt and the entitled temperamental childishness of Evan Olson’s Dauphin), determination to lead France to victory, and belief in her visions and cause, even when her closest allies confront, warn, and forsake her. A standout in the supporting cast is Charlie Howard as Jean de Dunois, Bastard of Orléans, Joan’s soldier and friend (until he isn’t), convinced of her spiritual powers and sacred mission, but ultimately unwilling to save her when captured. Howard skillfully brings the thoughts, emotions, and motivations of Dunois to life, rendering them believable, if not, in light of her horrific death, defensible.

With the show’s short rehearsal time, the audience at the performance I attended was advised in advance that some of the actors might need to request line cues, and two members of the cast did repeatedly. Despite those distracting out-of-character breaks, Saint Joan is a compelling work in a landmark setting with an excellent lead performance, offered at no cost to a nightly audience of 250. If you go, and enjoy it, and would like to support Shakespeare Downtown, tax-deductible donations are welcome.

Running Time: Approximately two hours and 30 minutes, without intermission.

Saint Joan plays through Sunday, June 26, 2022, at Shakespeare Downtown, performing at Castle Clinton, 26 Wall Street, Battery Park, NYC. Tickets are free and available to audiences on a first-come first-served basis at Castle Clinton National Monument, beginning at 5:45 pm, on the date of the performance.


  1. Shaw’s play “Saint Joan” has been denounced by historians for distorting history beyond recognition, and this article also contains many misconceptions. Joan of Arc was convicted by a tribunal which is exhaustively documented in English government records to have been composed of pro-English collaborators (the judge, Pierre Cauchon, had served as an advisor for their government since 1420), regardless of how Shaw portrays the trial. This article also claims that Joan “chose to wear men’s clothing and preferred being a soldier to a woman”, which is contradicted by her own statements : she said (during the fourth session of her trial) that she didn’t fight as a “soldier” (she carried her banner in battle); she told one of the soldiers, Jehan de Metz, that “I would prefer to stay home with my poor mother and spin wool” rather than take part in a military campaign; and Jehan de Metz said that he was the one who brought up the idea of giving her “men’s clothing”, meaning a soldier’s riding outfit that she needed for practical reasons (among other things, the trousers and long hip-boots protected her thighs from chafing against the horse’s sides). Several eyewitnesses said she told them she continued wearing this outfit during the trial because she was lacing the trousers, boots, and tunic together to keep her guards from pulling her clothing off when they tried to rape her. This article says she heard “the voices in her head of SS. Catherine, Margaret, and Michael the Archangel” but she described seeing visions of them which she could touch, and she said specific other people also sometimes saw these visions. The play claims Dunois abandoned her to her fate, but in reality he was one of the commanders who led some of the rescue attempts during the winter and spring of 1430/1431. Shaw was the one who popularized the idea that her own side betrayed her, which has been debunked by many historians.

    • Thank you for sharing the historical research. I was, however, reviewing the current production of Shaw’s play, which stayed true to his script, and clearly stated in my opening sentence that he created “his fictionalized historical tragedy” of Saint Joan, not a fully factual account of the events.


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